Dipolar Electromagetic Condensate

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How do stars form?
How do galaxies form?
Why are there billions of stars in a galaxy?
What forms the spiral arms of a galaxy?
What form elliptical galaxies?
What allows our Sun to have long life about 7 billion years?
Why the matter within the universe is continuously changing from one form to another?
To answer the above we need to know the properties of matter via scientific method.
 
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The dipolar vector fields form vortices that expel matter at close to the speed of light. This vector force is observed in hour glass nebulae and centre of galaxies such as the Milky Way and others such as M87. The vortices can be small and some such as the Milky Way 7000 light years compared to M87 being 100,000 light years, centre of super cluster over 1 million light years.
Perpendicular to the dipolar vortices the core vector fields attract matter at close to the speed of light, if the core has critical mass it will mimic a black hole property by forming an event horizon preventing all electromagnetic waves from escaping.
 
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Submitted on 9 Jul 2021 (v1), last revised 16 Jul 2021 (this version, v2)]
The Mass Distribution of Neutron Stars in Gravitational-Wave Binaries
Philippe Landry, Jocelyn S. Read
The discovery of two neutron star-black hole coalescences by LIGO and Virgo brings the total number of likely neutron stars observed in gravitational waves to six. We perform the first inference of the mass distribution of this extragalactic population of neutron stars. In contrast to the bimodal Galactic population detected primarily as radio pulsars, the masses of neutron stars in gravitational-wave binaries are thus far consistent with a uniform distribution, with a greater prevalence of high-mass neutron stars. The maximum mass in the gravitational-wave population agrees with that inferred from the neutron stars in our Galaxy and with expectations from dense matter.
Comments:10 pages, 4 figures; abridged version submitted to ApJL
Subjects:High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (astro-ph.HE); General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (gr-qc)
Cite as:arXiv:2107.04559 [astro-ph.HE]
(or arXiv:2107.04559v2 [astro-ph.HE] for this version)
 
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Understanding Neutron stars allows us to further understand Transients from Neutron Matter to the complex Quark, Partonic and Axion Gluon matter.
 
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Rather than me posting particular papers, search arxiv
Axion Gluon matter
Parton Matter
Quark Matter
Kaon Matter (two quarks)

Neutron Matter. When matter photo disintegrates to atoms and then Neutrons and Protons. Protons under extreme confinement will gain an electron forming a Neutron. Neutron are able compact to a density 10 * 17. Imagine the space in an atom is huge similar to the space of our solar system such as the Sun to Pluto. How many Pluto’s can you fit in the solar system. Huge amount.

Each compaction is a transient of the condensate.
Research has indicated a probable Quark Core in a Neutron star.
 
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Condensed Matter > Quantum Gases
[Submitted on 23 Mar 2021 (v1), last revised 24 Jun 2021 (this version, v2)]
Phases of supersolids in confined dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates
Yong-Chang Zhang, Thomas Pohl, Fabian Maucher
Dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates represent a powerful platform for the exploration of quantum many-body phenomena arising from long-range interactions. A series of recent experiments has demonstrated the formation of supersolid states of matter. Subsequent theoretical works have shown that quantum fluctuations can affect the underlying phase transition and may lead to the emergence of supersolids with various lattice structures in dipolar condensates. In this work we explore the signatures of such different geometries in confined finite condensates. In addition to previously found triangular lattices, our analysis reveals a rich spectrum of states, from honeycomb patterns and ring structures to striped supersolids. By optimizing relevant parameters we show that transitions between distinct supersolids should be observable in current experiments.
Comments:8 pages, 8 figures
Subjects:Quantum Gases (cond-mat.quant-gas)
Journal reference:Phys. Rev. A 104, 013310 (2021)
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevA.104.013310
Cite as:arXiv:2103.12688 [cond-mat.quant-gas]
(or arXiv:2103.12688v2 [cond-mat.quant-gas] for this version)

This information is high tech.
 
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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology
[Submitted on 11 Jan 2022]
Magnetic Dual Chiral Density Wave: A Candidate Quark Matter Phase for the Interior of Neutron Stars
E. J. Ferrer, V. de la Incera
In this review, we discuss the physical characteristics of the magnetic dual chiral density wave (MDCDW) phase of dense quark matter and argued why it is a promising candidate for the interior matter phase of neutron stars. The MDCDW condensate occurs in the presence of a magnetic field. It is a single-modulated chiral density wave characterized by two dynamically generated parameters: the fermion quasiparticle mass m and the condensate spatial modulation q. The lowest Landau level quasiparticle modes in the MDCDW system are asymmetric about the zero energy, a fact that leads to the topological properties and anomalous electric transport exhibited by this phase. The topology makes the MDCDW phase robust against thermal phonon fluctuations, and as such, it does not display the Landau-Peierls instability, a stapled feature of single-modulated inhomogeneous chiral condensates in three dimensions. The topology is also reflected in the presence of the electromagnetic chiral anomaly in the effective action and in the formation of hybridized propagating modes known as an axion-polaritons. Taking into account that one of the axion-polaritons of this quark phase is gapped, we argued how incident γ-ray photons can be converted into gapped axion-polaritons in the interior of a magnetar star in the MDCDW phase leading the star to collapse, a phenomenon that can serve to explain the so-called missing pulsar problem in the galactic center.
Subjects:High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph)
Journal reference:Universe 7 (2021) 12, 458
Cite as:arXiv:2201.04032 [hep-ph]
(or arXiv:2201.04032v1 [hep-ph] for this version)

Stars we have been looking at them since man evolved on Earth.
Now man has the ability to research and observe. Using the accumulated science information we are now able to try and understand.
The CORE of the stars and Black Holes(non classical) holds the secrets to working the way the parts within the universe work.
Research the different stars.
Normal Matter
Neutron Stars
Quark Stars
Partonic (Preon) stars
Composite stars
Axion Gluon
Etc ect
The sky is the limit.
QCD
Chiral Supersymmetry
Dipolar Electromagnetic Vector Force Fields
Enough for now
 
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Nuclear Theory
[Submitted on 24 Dec 2021]
Quark-quark interaction and quark matter in neutron stars
Y. Yamamoto, N. Yasutake, Th.A. Rijken
Hyperon (Y) mixing in neutron-star matter brings about a remarkable softening of the equation of state (EoS) and the maximum mass is reduced to a value far less than 2M⊙. One idea to avoid this "hyperon puzzle in neutron stars" is to assume that the many-body repulsions work universally for every kind of baryons. The other is to take into account the quark deconfinement phase transitions from a hadronic EoS to a sufficiently stiff quark-matter EoS. In the present approach, both effects are handled in a common framework. As well as the hadronic matter, the quark matter with the two-body quark-quark interactions are treated within the Brueckner-Bethe-Goldstone theory beyond the mean field frameworks, where interaction parameters are based on the terrestrial data. The derived mass-radius relations of neutron stars show that maximum masses reach over 2M⊙ even in the cases of including hadron-quark phase transitions, being consistent with the recent observations for maximum masses and radii of neutron stars by the NICER measurements and the other multimessenger data.
Subjects:Nuclear Theory (nucl-th); High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (astro-ph.HE)
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevC.105.015804
Cite as:arXiv:2112.12931 [nucl-th]
(or arXiv:2112.12931v1 [nucl-th] for this version)

Why am I posting science papers?
So that one day we may understand the basics of how the parts within the infinite universe transform, expand contract and recycle.
 
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Condensed Matter > Quantum Gases
[Submitted on 27 Sep 2020]
Novel soliton in dipolar BEC caused by the quantum fluctuations
Pavel A. Andreev
Solitons in the extended hydrodynamic model of the dipolar Bose-Einstein condensate with quantum fluctuations are considered. This model includes the continuity equation for the scalar field of concentration, the Euler equation for the vector field of velocity, the pressure evolution equation for the second rank tensor of pressure, and the evolution equation for the third rank tensor. Large amplitude soliton solution caused by the dipolar part of quantum fluctuations is found. It appears as the bright soliton. Hence, it is the area of compression of the number of particles. Moreover, it exists for the repulsive short-range interaction.
Comments:9 pages, 4 figures
Subjects:Quantum Gases (cond-mat.quant-gas)
DOI:10.1140/epjd/s10053-021-00071-1
Cite as:arXiv:2009.12720 [cond-mat.quant-gas]
(or arXiv:2009.12720v1 [cond-mat.quant-gas] for this version)

We keep on trying to find the reasons why things happen and the way they happen.
Science through the ages has been wrong many times, but! Over all the accumulated science is astronomical.
 
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High Energy Physics - Theory
[Submitted on 19 May 2015 (v1), last revised 15 Dec 2015 (this version, v2)]
Dipolar Dark Matter with Massive Bigravity
Luc Blanchet, Lavinia Heisenberg
Massive gravity theories have been developed as viable IR modifications of gravity motivated by dark energy and the problem of the cosmological constant. On the other hand, modified gravity and modified dark matter theories were developed with the aim of solving the problems of standard cold dark matter at galactic scales. Here we propose to adapt the framework of ghost-free massive bigravity theories to reformulate the problem of dark matter at galactic scales. We investigate a promising alternative to dark matter called dipolar dark matter (DDM) in which two different species of dark matter are separately coupled to the two metrics of bigravity and are linked together by an internal vector field. We show that this model successfully reproduces the phenomenology of dark matter at galactic scales (MOND) as a result of a mechanism of gravitational polarisation. The model is safe in the gravitational sector, but because of the particular couplings of the matter fields and vector field to the metrics, a ghost in the decoupling limit is present in the dark matter sector. However, it might be possible to push the mass of the ghost beyond the strong coupling scale by an appropriate choice of the parameters of the model. Crucial questions to address in future work are the exact mass of the ghost, and the cosmological implications of the model.
Comments:27 pages, journal version
Subjects:High Energy Physics - Theory (hep-th); Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (astro-ph.CO); General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (gr-qc)
DOI:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/12/026
Report number:NORDITA-2015-57
Cite as:arXiv:1505.05146 [hep-th]
(or arXiv:1505.05146v2 [hep-th] for this version)

Some read these papers and are confused.
What the heck is going on?

Dipolar jets from a massive object.
Such as M87 have a core mass over 8 billion solar mass and dipolar jets over 100,000 light years.
This is not the largest.
Super Cluster that our local group over galaxies belong, has a core over 100 billion solar masses has a dipolar jets over 1 million light years and you could fit the MILKYWAY at the end of the jet.
 
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Aug 14, 2020
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Not sure how much, if at all, it relates, but there is a physic hardly ever realized, much less mentioned, by physicists relating to the Universe (U) and universes (u) at large. The greater the crunch, the greater the bulge. 'Crunch' to infinity, 'Bulge' to infinity.

The infinite crunch (infinite mass) can be infinitely decentralized, spread, throughout space and time, relatively speaking, and still be the infinite of 'Crunch' (the infinite of mass). Every inside-out center of gravity, every outside-in rim horizon (including the naked singularity of the background infinite rim horizon), in space and in time. And the ultimate local-relative end point (radius physic '1/2' the ultimate point of turn to return to point of origin), every black hole in space and in time. Every well, ring-torus, rim, and (event) horizon (outside-in / inside-out) of gravity in space and in time.

Gravity's positive (+) is foreground 'constituency', its negative (-), background infinite 'set' of all foreground's 'constituency'. Its neutrality (0), its blended third dimensional facet of 'push' (a ghost or trojan third dimension with real presence). Gravity may go infinitesimal (itself an infinity), even turn coat ('turncoat') in a blending of gravities, but I believe there is no such thing as any actual "void" of gravity. Gravity, as I see it, in its potential infinity of planes, is a "fabric" of space and time.

But gravity doesn't flatten anything to a disk, not even an "observable" universe and the infinitely flattened collapsed 'horizon' of infinity and origin. Or have perpendicular spindle jets to flattened disks (not even a Big Bang-like spindle jet (of string vibration and/or quantum fluctuation?)). Altogether, microcosm in small and smallest, and macrocosm in large and largest, the flattened disk and spindle jet is the look, and the physical province, of the electromagnetic force.
 
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To understand condensates is to understand the working parts of the universe.
Over 95 % of matter lives in the form of a condensate.
The condensates have many transients.
 
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Condensed Matter > Quantum Gases
[Submitted on 21 Nov 2014 (v1), last revised 4 Dec 2014 (this version, v3)]
Topological Condensate in an Interaction Induced Gauge Potential
Jun-hui Zheng, Bo Xiong, G. Juzeliunas, Daw-Wei Wang
We systematically investigate the ground state and elementary excitations of a Bose-Einstein Condensate with a synthetic vector potential, which is induced by the many-body effects and atom-light coupling. For a sufficiently strong inter-atom interaction, we find the condensate undergoes a Stoner-type ferromagnetic transition through the self-consistent coupling with the vector potential. For a weak interaction, the critical velocity of a supercurrent is found anisotropic due to the density fluctuations affecting the gauge field. We further analytically demonstrate the topological ground state with a coreless vortex ring in a 3D harmonic trap and a coreless vortex-antivortex pair in a 2D trap. The circulating persistent current is measurable in the time-of-flight experiment or in the dipolar oscillation through the violation of Kohn theorem.
Comments:5+3 pages of RevTex4-1, 4+1 figures
Subjects:Quantum Gases (cond-mat.quant-gas); Quantum Physics (quant-ph)
Cite as:arXiv:1411.5868 [cond-mat.quant-gas]
(or arXiv:1411.5868v3 [cond-mat.quant-gas] for this version)
Journal reference:Phys. Rev. A 92, 013604 (2015)
Related DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.92.013604
Focus to learn more

The accumulated understanding of quantum matter will one day allow us to predict the way condensates behave.
 
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General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology
[Submitted on 18 Feb 2022]
First Law of Mechanics for Spinning Compact Binaries: Dipolar Order
Paul Ramond, Alexandre Le Tiec
Building upon the Noether charge formalism of Iyer and Wald, we derive a variational formula for spacetimes admitting a Killing vector field, for a generic energy-momentum distribution with compact support. Applying this general result to the particular case of a binary system of spinning compact objects moving along an exactly circular orbit, modelled using the multipolar gravitational skeleton formalism, we derive a first law of compact binary mechanics at dipolar order. We prove the equivalence of this new result with the canonical Hamiltonian first law previously derived for binary systems of spinning compact objects, for spins colinear with the orbital angular momentum. This paper paves the way to an extension of the first law of binary mechanics to the next quadrupolar order, thereby accounting for the spin-induced and tidally-induced deformability of the compact bodies.
Click to expand...
Comments:44 pages, 3 figures
Subjects:General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (gr-qc)
Cite as:arXiv:2202.09345 [gr-qc]
(or arXiv:2202.09345v1 [gr-qc] for this version)
https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2202.09345
Focus to learn m

Astrophysics can be very complex and yet simple in its understanding.
 
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At the end of the day.
We need to understand the physical parts of the universe.
Scientists around the world are giving their best scientific explanations.
Yet the opinion of the MOB is sometimes more excepted because through the decades we have excepted what was given to us without question.
My advice is research to your hearts content, keep an open mind, and keep on asking questions.
 
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High Energy Physics - Theory
[Submitted on 22 Jun 2021 (v1), last revised 21 Jul 2021 (this version, v2)]
Classicalization and unitarization of wee partons in QCD and Gravity: The CGC-Black Hole correspondence
Gia Dvali, Raju Venugopalan
We discuss a remarkable correspondence between the description of Black Holes as highly occupied condensates of N weakly interacting gravitons and that of Color Glass Condensates (CGCs) as highly occupied gluon states. In both cases, the dynamics of "wee partons" in Regge asymptotics is controlled by emergent semi-hard scales that lead to perturbative unitarization and classicalization of 2→N particle amplitudes at weak coupling. In particular, they attain a maximal entropy permitted by unitarity, bounded by the inverse coupling α of the respective constituents. Strikingly, this entropy is equal to the area measured in units of the Goldstone constant corresponding to the spontaneous breaking of Poincar{é} symmetry by the corresponding graviton or gluon condensate. In gravity, the Goldstone constant is the Planck scale, and gives rise to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. Likewise, in the CGC, the corresponding Goldstone scale is determined by the onset of gluon screening. We point to further similarities in Black Hole formation, thermalization and decay, to that of the Glasma matter formed from colliding CGCs in ultrarelativistic nuclear collisions, which decays into a Quark-Gluon Plasma.
Comments:20 pages; typos fixed, references added, small clarifications to text
Subjects:High Energy Physics - Theory (hep-th); General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (gr-qc); High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph); Nuclear Theory (nucl-th)
Cite as:arXiv:2106.11989 [hep-th]
(or arXiv:2106.11989v2 [hep-th] for this version)
https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2106.11989
Focus to learn more

So what is all this leading to.
If we can prove to such an extent the properties of Condensates.
How it creates a dipolar electromagnetic vector force fields.
Chiral Supersymmetry .
Quantum Chromodynamics Dynamics.
Years gone by, I had scrippled some images of DEM vector fields.
I will post it in the near future.
 
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High Energy Physics - Theory
[Submitted on 20 Apr 2021 (v1), last revised 13 May 2021 (this version, v2)]
Some Exact Results in Chiral Gauge Theories
Csaba Csáki, Hitoshi Murayama, Ofri Telem
We analyze dynamics of chiral gauge theories based on the SU(N) gauge group with one anti-symmetric tensor A and (N−4) anti-fundamentals Fi when N is odd. Based on the continuity to the supersymmetric gauge theories with anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking, we claim that the global SU(N−4) symmetry is spontaneously broken to Sp(N−5). There are N−5 massless fermions as a fundamental representation of Sp(N−5), and another massless fermion, together saturating the anomaly matching conditions. When N is even, the unbroken flavor symmetry is Sp(N−4) while there are no massless fermions. Our result is different from the dynamics suggested by tumbling where the full SU(N−4) symmetry is unbroken, but the tumbling picture can be modified via the addition of a second condensate to produce the symmetry breaking pattern predicted from our method.
Subjects:High Energy Physics - Theory (hep-th)
Cite as:arXiv:2104.10171 [hep-th]
(or arXiv:2104.10171v2 [hep-th] for this version)
https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2104.10171
Focus to learn more
Journal reference:Phys. Rev. D 104, 065018 (2021)
Related DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.104.065018
Focus to learn more

I hope this will allow you to understand.
Keep on questioning.
 

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