# QuestionInfinity or not infinity that is the question.

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#### Harry Costas

I just stepped in for a second.
Will have to respond next day.

#### Harry Costas

Hello Atlan
Your right, we will never be able to get close for direct evidence.
Similar with the object in a black box.
We can observe movements and processes and apply scientific know how and make decisions.

So far, we know we can see Deep Field 13.4 billion light years.

In any direction, in an area of a rice seed over 5 thousand galaxies in various stages of formation.
We are looking at billions of galaxies.
NASA tells me that all this was formed in 400 million years.

There is only one universe
Infinite in space
Infinite in matter and energy

To have a Multiverse, you need to have a TIME shift.

#### Atlan0001

Hello Atlan
Your right, we will never be able to get close for direct evidence.
Similar with the object in a black box.
We can observe movements and processes and apply scientific know how and make decisions.

So far, we know we can see Deep Field 13.4 billion light years.

In any direction, in an area of a rice seed over 5 thousand galaxies in various stages of formation.
We are looking at billions of galaxies.
NASA tells me that all this was formed in 400 million years.

There is only one universe
Infinite in space
Infinite in matter and energy

To have a Multiverse, you need to have a TIME shift.
Harry, this goes here in my answer to you, too:

Fundamental Binary Base2, '0' (discrete quanta (null unity)) and/or '1' (unity), and parity . . . ('0' (discrete quanta) will tear its portion out of the guts of '1' (unity) if it comes down to that)!

((+1) (-1)) = 1/0.
--------------------
--------------------
Thus, infinities of horizon universes (u) (also being an infinity of infinitesimals) in an "Infinite MULTIVERSE Universe."

Last edited:

#### Harry Costas

OK we have multiverses in the infinite universe.
This means that a multiverse is a finite verse.
?????

#### Harry Costas

Hello Sooth
I'm trying to understand you refrigeration cycle logic.
Have I missed something?

#### Atlan0001

OK we have multiverses in the infinite universe.
This means that a multiverse is a finite verse.
?????
In the dual singular of verse and multi, verse has to be finite, and/or an infinitesimal of infinity of infinitesimals for that matter, and multi, a quantity of whatever it is more than one.

#### Harry Costas

Its funny that the more we learn the more we find that we know very little.
Sometimes our opinions cloud our logic or understanding how things work.

[Submitted on 1 Aug 2024]

### The most distant HI galaxies discovered by the 500 m dish FAST​

Hongwei Xi, Bo Peng, Lister Staveley-Smith, Bi-Qing For, Bin Liu, Ru-Rong Chen, Lei Yu, Dejian Ding, Wei-Jian Guo, Hu Zou, Suijian Xue, Jing Wang, Thomas G. Brink, WeiKang Zheng, Alexei V. Filippenko, Yi Yang, Jianyan Wei, Y. Sophia Dai, Zi-Jian Li, Zizhao He, Chengzi Jiang, Alexei Moiseev, Sergey Kotov
Neutral hydrogen (HI) is the primary component of the cool interstellar medium (ISM) and is the reservoir of fuel for star formation. Owing to the sensitivity of existing radio telescopes, our understanding of the evolution of the ISM in galaxies remains limited, as it is based on only a few hundred galaxies detected in HI beyond the local Universe. With the high sensitivity of the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST), we carried out a blind HI search, the FAST Ultra-Deep Survey (FUDS), which extends to redshifts up to 0.42 and a sensitivity of 50 μJy⋅beam−1. Here, we report the first discovery of six galaxies in HI at z>0.38. For these galaxies, the FAST angular resolution of ∼4′ corresponds to a mean linear size of ∼1.3h−170Mpc. These galaxies are among the most distant HI emission detections known, with one having the most massive HI content (1010.93±0.04 h−270M⊙). Using recent data from the DESI survey, and new observations with the Hale, BTA, and Keck telescopes, optical counterparts are detected for all galaxies within the 3-σ positional uncertainty (0.5h−170Mpc) and 200km⋅s−1 in recession velocity. Assuming that the dominant source of HI is the identified optical counterpart, we find an evidence of evolution in the HI content of galaxies over the last 4.2 Gyr. Our new high-redshift HI galaxy sample provides the opportunity to better investigate the evolution of cool gas in galaxies. A larger sample size in the future will allow us to refine our knowledge of the formation and evolution of galaxies.

#### Harry Costas

In the anti-trapped region, no white hole horizons are found and the spacetime is extended to infinity, at which the geometric radius of the two-spheres becomes infinitely large.""
It is to infinity and beyond as one would say.

[Submitted on 8 Aug 2024 (v1), last revised 9 Aug 2024 (this version, v2)]

### A new quantization scheme of black holes in effective loop quantum gravity​

Wen-Cong Gan, Anzhong Wang
Loop quantum cosmology has achieved great successes, in which the polymerization plays a crucial role. In particular, the phase-space-variable dependent polymerization turns out to be the unique one that leads to consistent quantization of the homogeneous and isotropic universe. However, when applying the same scheme to the quantization of black holes, it meets resistances, when the Kantowski-Sachs (KS) gauge is adopted. In this paper, we continue to study the quantum effects of the polymerization near the location that a classical black hole horizon used to be, from the point of view of effective loop quantum gravity in the KS gauge. In particular, we find a phase-space-variable dependent polymerization scheme that leads to negligible quantum effects near the location of the classical black hole horizon, but significantly alters the spacetime structure near the origin, so that the classical singularity is finally replaced by a finite and regular transition surface. The final geodesically-complete spacetime consists of the regular transition surface that connects a black hole in one side and an anti-trapped region in the other side. In the anti-trapped region, no white hole horizons are found and the spacetime is extended to infinity, at which the geometric radius of the two-spheres becomes infinitely large.

#### Harry Costas

The last sentence.

""Our analysis provides the general framework for analyzing non-invertible symmetry on manifolds with boundary and applies both to the case of boundaries at infinity, relevant to particle physics, and boundaries at finite distance, relevant in conformal field theory or condensed matter systems.""

[Submitted on 20 Aug 2024]

### Representation Theory of Solitons​

Clay Cordova, Nicholas Holfester, Kantaro Ohmori
Solitons in two-dimensional quantum field theory exhibit patterns of degeneracies and associated selection rules on scattering amplitudes. We develop a representation theory that captures these intriguing features of solitons. This representation theory is based on an algebra we refer to as the "strip algebra", StrC(M), which is defined in terms of the non-invertible symmetry, C, a fusion category, and its action on boundary conditions encoded by a module category, M. The strip algebra is a C∗-weak Hopf algebra, a fact which can be elegantly deduced by quantizing the three-dimensional Drinfeld center TQFT, Z(C), on a spatial manifold with corners. These structures imply that the representation category of the strip algebra is also a unitary fusion category which we identify with a dual category C∗M. We present a straightforward method for analyzing these representations in terms of quiver diagrams where nodes are vacua and arrows are solitons and provide examples demonstrating how the representation theory reproduces known degeneracies and selection rules of soliton scattering. Our analysis provides the general framework for analyzing non-invertible symmetry on manifolds with boundary and applies both to the case of boundaries at infinity, relevant to particle physics, and boundaries at finite distance, relevant in conformal field theory or condensed matter systems.

#### Gibsense

if SOME INVENTS TIME TRAVEL

WILL SOMEONE GET ME THE NUMBERS FOR THE LOTTERY
95,3,24,7,56 Aug 30 2020 be quick

#### Harry Costas

I have won
What do I do with the money

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