<font color="yellow">there is no question the unverse is expanding then? this is the excepted thoery</font><br /><br />There are a minority of people who question the expanding universe idea. But such explanations must be ones that forbid certain things from happening. These things, if found, would discredit the theory. However, if they cannot be found, the theory cannot be proven false.<br /><br />According to Special Relativity, increased velocity means a large shift in the light, which can go either way: either positive, to the high-energy end of the electromagnetic spectrum, or negative, towards the red end of the electromagnetic spectrum. This depends on the velocity. In the case of the Big Bang Theory, there is a redshift of galaxies that is proportional to distance for the most part. Only at high relative velocities does the redshift climb asymptotically. This is defined as:<br /><br />z=sqrt[(c+v)/(c-v)]-1<br /><br />Where v, the velocity of the galaxies, is /> 0<br />Where c, the speed of light in vacuum, is 299,792,458 m/s<br />
http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&lr=&q=c<br />Where z, is the redshift, which is 0 when velocity is 0, and close to infinity when v is close to c (i.e. c-v is just above 0).<br /><br />v=Hubble Constant*Distance=(km/s)/megaparsec<br /><br />"(km/s)/megaparsec" can be converted to "(distance/time)/distance" or "1/time"<br /><br />1/Hubble Constant=Hubble Time, or the Age of the Hubble Universe<br /><br />According to General Relativity, a stronger change in gravitational field for a photon means a bigger shift in the photon's frequency. The factor of this change is defined as:<br /><br />1/sqrt(1-R/r)<br /><br />R is shorthand for the Schwarzschild radius of an object.<br /><br />A black hole is an object whose event horizon equals the Schwarzschild radius.<br /><br />A mathematical event horizon, a surface where light cannot return, has the radius of