The Discovery of Photon Mass Supports the Theory of Photons Having a Gravitational Effect

Mar 30, 2020
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Recently, a very interesting paper was published in the Astrophysical Journal, titled "Bounding the Photon Mass with Ultrawide Bandwidth Pulsar Timing Data and Dedispersed Pulses of Fast Radio Bursts" by Yu-Bin Wang et al. This paper bounds the possible mass of photons by observing frequency-dependent effects.

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4357/ad2f99

In March 2020, we published a paper titled "Unified Field Theory for Gravity and Electromagnetism and Its Explanation for Dark Matter Observations," which explains how electromagnetic waves or photons can have a gravitational effect similar to baryonic matter.

https://zenodo.org/records/4057270#.YPOcr0wpDIW

In our paper, we derived equations for the force between photons or between a photon and matter with mass. You can find the details of this relationship.

https://zenodo.org/records/4541280#.YPOcfUwpDIW

The conclusion in Mr. Wang's paper about the nonzero mass of photons supports and enhances the "Unified Field Theory for Gravity and Electromagnetism." The empirical evidence of photon mass provides a basis for further exploration of gravitational interactions involving photons, aligning with the unified field theory's broader claims about the interplay between gravity and electromagnetism.

Dark matter is light (gravitational effect of EM waves, Photons).
 
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Jun 1, 2024
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Since the photon is energy, according to the theory of relativity, it is enough to generate gravity. Mass does not necessarily have to exist to generate gravity.