Question How do we know that the universe started with a Big Bang?

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Apr 13, 2021
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What is the evidence for the BIG Bang?
Actual evidence
It is common info that elements are produced within the solar envelope.
There is research into quantum mechanics into various forms of matter, such as Neutron star, and stars with Quark Cores and so on.
 
Mar 5, 2021
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Big bang in fact doesn't prove or answer anything even if it's called "theory without a rival"

Likely there was some explosion which is again "likely" the reason for "cosmic microwave background radiation" but the big bang itself explains very little and proves absolutely nothing, why?

IF for example we assume there indeed was big bang, this only explains expansion of our universe but opens a whole host of other questions even harder to explain such as:
1. How is it physically possible that all matter in observable universe was able to be put into a single athom?
2. What was there before big bang?
3. If there was something how it happen to exists, and if there was nothing then where did matter come from?

The biggest question is of course how did universe happen to exist and where it all began, to answer that question big bang may satisfy a tinny portion of the whole picture, but real problem with BB theory is this also makes the original question harder to answer.
Would this be similar to asking how a tree exists within a seed? Where did the first seed come from?
 
Apr 19, 2021
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Would this be similar to asking how a tree exists within a seed? Where did the first seed come from?
Very likely not, because such questions are more religious than scientific.

For scientists to make proofs or theories, they need to be able to measure and perform experiments.
You question is philosophical.
 
Mar 5, 2021
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Very likely not, because such questions are more religious than scientific.

For scientists to make proofs or theories, they need to be able to measure and perform experiments.
You question is philosophical.
It would be very difficult for the tree to prove the seed exists since the tree is inside the seed. Once the tree begins its journey, the seed is difficult to find, if at all. We're inside the big bang (supposedly) trying to prove it exists after our journey has begun.
 
Apr 13, 2021
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Cosmic Microwave background is not evidence of the Big Bang it is evidence that the universe is very old.
Deep field images 3.2 billion years of the Northan Hemisphere many years ago by Huble Telescope that pointed to an area of a rice seed for one million seconds, was supposed to prove and show the start of the Big Bang, I said before they started that they would observe over 10 thousand galaxies in various stages of evolution form. After the million seconds NASA announced that they could not explain what they observed, over 10 thousand galaxies in various forms.
They repeated the one million second on the Southern Hemisphere and found the same deep field image 13.2 billion years.
Given the distances and the huge amount of galaxies the Big Bang has lost its meaning.
Evidence put forth must stand up against the observations.
 

Catastrophe

The devil is in the detail
What I really do not like, is the backward extrapolation to t = 0. OK, you can get pretty close to zero, but the laws of physics break down when you try to divide by zero. I have said his until I am blue in the face. Infinity is a mathematical abstraction. It has no meaning in reality. Just 'very, very big' is no definition.
How do we know that the universe started with a Big Bang?
The BBT looks pretty secure. Where it all blows up is when you close on t = 0.

At this point there are many suggestions - some just imaginary, one (at least) is correct - contingent on the possibility that the correct one may not yet have been suggested.
I believe the correct one is a flavour of cyclic. No beginning - no end. Certainly not infinite, because that word is meaningless. Beginning and end are also just meaningless words when discussing the Universe.

Cat :)
 
Apr 13, 2021
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The Big Bang has foundations that cannot stand against the properties of matter.
T=0 cannot be true.
Time is not a physical item that can be altered.
It’s nice to feel the the Big Bang created all.
The properties of matter can explain all formations out there.
For example.
Why does our Sun have long jeopardy?
Before I answer the question.
What do you think?
 
Apr 13, 2021
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The Hubble telescope has been pointed on various areas of a rice seed both north and south hemispheres in extreme dark areas for 1 million seconds.
On all reports they have found in every seed 13.2 billion light years deep field over 5 000 galaxies in various stages.
You are looking at trillions of galaxies .
Our sun is estimated to be 7 billion years age.
Some people place the age of the universe less than 14 billion years.
This does not add up.
 
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What ever matter is in the universe has been here from infinity.
This matter cannot be destroyed and you cannot bring new matter.
We do know that matter itself will accumulate and evolve strong vector fields to create contraction and expansion of its surroundings.
The expansion can mimic the motions of The BIG Bang through out the universe.
This does not mean the idea supports the BB.
 

Catastrophe

The devil is in the detail
How do we know that the universe started with a Big Bang?

We don't, since the area around t = 0 is uncertain. According to cyclic models, "t = 0" is a nexus, not a start or a singularity.

Cat :)
 
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Apr 13, 2021
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  1. arXiv:2105.07813 [pdf, ps, other]

    gr-qc astro-ph.HE
    Tidal deformability of neutron stars with exotic particles within a density dependent relativistic mean field model in R-squared gravity
    Authors: K Nobleson, Tuhin Malik, Sarmistha Banik
    Abstract: There is a growing interest in investigating modified theories of gravity, primarily, with the aim of explaining the universe's accelerated expansion, which has been confirmed by several independent observations. Compact objects, like neutron stars, exhibit strong gravity effects and therefore are used to study modified gravity theories. We use the… ▽ More
    Submitted 6 July, 2021; v1 submitted 13 May, 2021; originally announced May 2021.
    Comments: 4 figures. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1803.09534 by other authors

This is only a scratch of information.
I cannot tell you how to think.
Maybe direct the direction.
Research into this field goes back to the 1920 by Dirac and Einstein and in the last 30 years a better understanding of quantum matter in the field of :
Chrial Supersymmetry Dipolar Electromagnetic condensates
 

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