**Decreasing Universe Theory**:

### Derivation of Hubble’s Law and the End of the Darks Elements

From the “Decreasing Universe” model, establishing the contraction of space tissue when exposed to a gravitational field, we derive the Hubble Law and, from there, we will explain the effects “Dark Energy” and “Dark Matter”.

www.scirp.org

**The hubble law could be derived**

Evidencesfrom Decreasing Universe

Evidences

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**A)-VERIFIED**

1-Hubble's law formula can be derived (verified)

It's in the theory text.

2-Postulation of dark energy is not necessary (verified)

It's in the theory text.

3-Expansion of the universe doubles every 10 billion years (verified)

"Universe mysteriously expanding, will double in size in 10 billion years, finds Hubble"

### Universe expanding mysteriously, will double in size in 10 billion years, finds Hubble

Hubble has studied 42 mile-stones in space and shown that the universe is expanding mysteriously and is on its course to double in size.

www.indiatoday.in

["...Some Values ??.... Tj=3.15E17?s = 10 billion years

That is, the Jocaxian Time, the time necessary for our space to contract in half, is 10 billion years..."]

4-The Universe is getting hotter (verified)

-Unexpectedly, The Universe Is Getting Hotter and Hotter as It Expands

### Unexpectedly, The Universe Is Getting Hotter And Hotter as It Expands

For almost a century, astronomers have understood that the Universe is in a state of expansion.

www.sciencealert.com

5-Comoving and proper distances (verified)

Comoving distance factors out the expansion of the universe,

giving a distance that does not change in time due to the expansion of space

(though this may change due to other, local factors, such as the motion of a galaxy within a cluster).

Comoving distance and proper distance are defined to be equal at the present time.

At other times, the Universe's expansion results in the proper distance changing,

while the comoving distance remains constant.

"... is the distance between them which would be measured with rulers at the time they are being observed

(the proper distance) divided by the ratio of the scale factor of the Universe then to now.

In other words the proper distance multiplied by (1 + z)."

From the equation (E10) from my paper, we have :

D(t) = D0 * exp(H0*t)

( It is the size measured now as a function of the size that would have been measured at the time of photon emission.)

We can then identify as D0 = proper distance.

Substituting

D(t)=Lambta (=L) (wave length reaching us) and D0 = Lambta0 (=L0) ( wave length emited )

We have: L = L0 * exp(H0*t)

So L/L0 = Z + 1 = exp((H0*t) = D / D0

Therefore:

D = D0 * ( Z + 1 ) ( deducted from my paper )

**B) ALMOST VERIFIED**

6-The postulation of dark matter may not be necessary (to be verified)

It's in the theory text, but rotation curve of galaxy is not very good yet.

**C) TO BE VERIFIED**

(Consequences of the theory)

7- On average, Galaxies at the same distance, the ones with less mass should have higher redshifts and vice versa (NOT verified yet)

Because the greater mass increase the contraction rate of the galaxy increasing the frequency of light

8-On average, for aspiral galaxy, the more distant the galaxy, the greater the amount of dark matter.

Because the galaxy's radius will appear larger than it actually is.

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What do you thinK?