# Does the Big Bang theory put us at the center of the Universe?

Page 2 - Seeking answers about space? Join the Space community: the premier source of space exploration, innovation, and astronomy news, chronicling (and celebrating) humanity's ongoing expansion across the final frontier.

#### murgatroyd

Well I could have expressed distance instead in parsecs, kilometers or miles. But expressing distance in terms of the time it would take light to get across was okay.

Are you certain that you have understood Einstein's Theories of Relativity, Atlan?

#### Atlan0001

Well I could have expressed distance instead in parsecs, kilometers or miles. But expressing distance in terms of the time it would take light to get across was okay.

Are you certain that you have understood Einstein's Theories of Relativity, Atlan?
Einstein's Theories of Relativity require superman's x-ray vision and I once dealt in that with the dead or alive cat 300,000 kilometers away from superman with a piano less than a second away from falling on and killing the cat. Superman sees the cat alive and thinking so fast he believes he can save the cat if he teleports instantaneously to the scene and prevents the piano from falling on the cat. He does his instantaneous transfer to the scene bit, only to find he was too late to save the cat despite his instantaneous transfer to the scene. The piano had already fallen on the cat when he observed it just about to.

#### Atlan0001

No response to the above, eh? How about this involving space metric. Chaose Theory's vertical levels of zoom universes, as opposed to horizontal Flatland. The vertical (alternating) "fractal" levels into the infinite in one direction and into the infinitesimal in the other direction, yet all of the infinity of fractal levels in the vertical infinities of levels reducing to just one non-fractal fractal (sic) level of all, the Flatland level of the 'set' of all the vertical infinities of fractal levels.

The story of Gulliver's Travels is a nice mythical description. Gulliver is six feet tall and carrying a three-foot-long yardstick with him and visits the Land of the Giants. He runs into a six-foot-tall Giant carrying a three-foot-long yardstick. "This can't possibly be," he tells the Giant, "You can't possibly be six-feet-tall, and that yardstick can't possibly be three-feet-long," as he shows the Giant his toothpick long, three-foot-long yardstick. Then he goes to Lilliput and finds a six-foot-tall Lilliputian with a three-foot-long yardstick telling him the same thing he told the Giant about impossibilities.

The zoom universe of Chaos Theory changes the story completely. Gulliver travels to the zoom level of the Land of the Giants, Gulliver is a Giant among other giants and his and the other Giants' yardsticks are exactly the same length. He travels to Lilliput on a different level and he and the six-foot-tall Lilliputian are the same height and their yardsticks the same length side by side. There is a fractal difference in non-local vertical universes, and there is no fractal difference in the local level universe, relative to that level of immediate locality alone. It's called "wave function", if I've identified it correctly, in quantum mechanics. A particle in the direction of infinite (distance) can be as large as a star, a galaxy, a universe, and in the direction of infinitesimal (equally distant with infinite) a star, a galaxy, a universe, can be as small as a particle.

Thus, Captain Kirk and his starship Enterprise can span the space of whole star systems, whole light time history zones, in cluster all at once from his spacetime "soliton" warp-spacetime-bubble as he travels the universe. To the observer on Earth, though, if the observer could even possibly observe what was going on (which in fact he won't up and out into the macrocosm), the principal of uncertainty would cover the observation with a vengeance (as it does down and in, into the microcosm). To mean the starship Enterprise being observed to be a swarm of many Enterprises positioned everywhere, swarming everywhere, all at once in a macrocosmic quantum box.

Last edited:

#### ASTROSTONER

No, there no boundary. Where is the boundary on the Earth's surface? No matter where you go you on the Earth, it ia always the same, a circular horizon.
Same thing happens in the Universe except in three dimensions versus two.
Ok i see two options.

1 the universe size is infinite and the big bang theory of its size, age and anything based off these numbers is nonsense.

2. the universe is finite but curved in a manner as to provide an explanation for your example.
which i thought was already tested but found to be flat.

I am missing something!?!

#### ASTROSTONER

Doesn't expansion prevent space curvature?

The further away something is the less it can curve because expansion is in the radial direction and increases over distance. So curvature approaches 0 at infinity.

#### Helio

Ok i see two options.

1 the universe size is infinite and the big bang theory of its size, age and anything based off these numbers is nonsense.

2. the universe is finite but curved in a manner as to provide an explanation for your example.
which i thought was already tested but found to be flat.

I am missing something!?!
Your earlier view of a finite universe because it began at a point is my view as well. IOW, how can there be a universe that is both infinite and a point?

But to have a center, one must be able to draw lines to it. Under GR (General Relativity), you can't do this. Spacetime is affected by mass/energy, which curves space.

If you shined a laser in one direction, given enough time, it would "bend" completely around so that it would be seen if you turned around. [This wouldn't actually happen because the universe is too big and it's still expanding where your light would never have enough time to reach you, plus you are moving with the Sun and planets and galaxy, so the light would miss you even you had the time to wait, and other reasons.]

The balloon analogy helps me with a few of these issues. Use a marker to put dots on a slightly inflated balloon. Expand the balloon and the dots all move away from one another. The farther the dot is away from the one you select, the faster they are moving away from your dot. This is how we see the expansion of space.

Further, one cannot find an edge on the balloon, which is what Bill was saying. Of course, we are restricting ourselves to two dimensions since a balloon does have a center, unlike the Universe.

The flat universe view can be understood by asking what happens to two parallel rays of light? If these rays spread outward, stay parallel, or converge then you have an open, flat, closed universe, respectively.

But this is more than a convention. A flat universe means that there is, perhaps, an unimaginable amount of balance to the universe. This means all those constants like gravity, electromagnetic forces, etc., caused our universe to not collapse or expand too fast, thus allowing, for instance, stars to form.

#### Atlan0001

For a universe to expand to infinity it must be infinite in the first place.

One of the things that made the great mathematician Kurt Godel go nuts, among other things, was because try as he might he could not reduce a point, even a boundaryless string of points, from infinite to finite.

Last edited:

#### Atlan0001

I'm the only one on the site that carries "soliton packets", and their self-similar, Chaos Theory's zoom universes, around in the pocket of my mind's eye ready to pull out and use at practically any time wanted or needed.

#### Atlan0001

The concept of "infinity" is a mathematical abstraction, and has no provable influence on any form of "reality". By definition, any knowledge "we think" that we have, is limited to the specific abstractions of an individual's "observable universe" (small 'u').

Cat
Sigh, Cat you really know how to describe a small and limited, finite, mind. Michelle de Crevecoeur, nee: Hector St. John, an American farmer and famous essayist from 1772+, published in London 1782 (where he went to escape the Revolution), wrote that virtually every immigrant stepping foot in the New World was having the frontier expand, stretch, their Old-World minds almost limitlessly to fit the New World.

You describe shrinking minds going in the other direction, deforming, in a shrinking world, a world folding into itself, a closing system. A physic, a mass human world physic, known to history, known equally to the great historians and the barbarian horde invaders of civilizations falling from within over all the ages of world history. A "provable influence on reality." A proved "influence" over thousands of years of recorded history, over the world.

Last edited:

#### Catastrophe

##### "Science begets knowledge, opinion ignorance.
Maybe you should be thinking "No absolute i.e., common edge, just the edge of your observable universe at your 'current' coordinates? This would simply be the furthest 'point' from which you could receive light (= em radiation).

Cat

Atlan0001

#### Atlan0001

Maybe you should be thinking "No absolute i.e., common edge, just the edge of your observable universe at your 'current' coordinates? This would simply be the furthest 'point' from which you could receive light (= em radiation).

Cat
Again, I wish I could give someone two or three likes in thumbs up because Cat deserves them here from me . . . for his rendition of my rendition! No apology, Cat, simply admiration of your thinking here. Very good!

Last edited:
Catastrophe

#### DarkClearSkies

The concept of the size, boundaries, and centre of the universe is a subject of ongoing scientific research and debate within the field of cosmology. Current understanding suggests that the universe is considered to be both finite and unbounded. This means that the observable universe, which is the part we can see and study, has a finite size determined by the distance to the farthest galaxies we can detect. However, beyond the observable universe, the exact extent of the universe is not known, and there is no established edge or boundary.

The expansion of the universe and the effects of dark energy play a significant role in shaping our understanding of its boundaries. Distant galaxies are moving away from us, and the rate of their recession increases with their distance. This expansion can exceed the speed of light, which means that the light from galaxies beyond a certain distance will never reach us, and we cannot physically travel to those regions using conventional means.

In terms of the centre of the universe, the prevailing view in cosmology is that there is no preferred or privileged centre. According to the cosmological principle, which is based on observations of the large-scale structure of the universe, the universe appears to be homogeneous and isotropic on average. This means that from the perspective of any observer in the universe, it would seem as though they are at the center, and the expansion of space occurs uniformly in all directions.

It's important to note that our understanding of the universe is continually evolving as new observations, data, and theoretical models emerge. Cosmologists are constantly refining their understanding and developing new theories to explain the complex nature of our universe. So, while our current knowledge suggests a finite yet unbounded universe with no preferred centre, ongoing research may bring new insights and perspectives in the future.

#### Catastrophe

##### "Science begets knowledge, opinion ignorance.
Progress in cosmology generally will be limited, IMHO, until its participants realise that "The map is not the territory", and cease indulging in useless word games.

Please note that this a general comment, and is certainly not 'aimed' critically at anyone, whether they participate in this forum, or not.

My post #14:
"The concept of "infinity" is a mathematical abstraction, and has no provable influence on any form of "reality". By definition, any knowledge "we think" that we have, is limited to the specific abstractions of an individual's "observable universe" (small 'u').

My post #35:
"Maybe you should be thinking "No absolute i.e., common edge, just the edge of your observable universe at your 'current' coordinates? This would simply be the furthest 'point' from which you could receive light (= em radiation)."

I have been expressing these thoughts here for years, and they are general comments, and, in no way whatsoever, intended as any form of personal criticism. They relate to my opinions on the application of Korzybski's work to cosmology, which, IMHO, is greatly in need of them. (i.e., cosmology would benefit from applying General Semantics).

Cat

Helio

#### DarkClearSkies

And for that we have fascinating alternative explanations

#### Atlan0001

Well! Well! Well!

Well! Well! Well!

Hawking's "Life Zone" of the universe.

Others', including me upon occasion, talking some "life force" of the universe. I don't agree with the above article altogether, but I agree to an alienistic-like always self-reinforcing, self-renewing, eternity in a moment, life force to it that is either infinity or backed by infinity . . . as I attempt to describe, picture, model (my 'Atlanoverse'), time after time.

In an infinite universe, including my Atlanoverse model, there is nothing, no world, no quark, no point that is not at the dead center of it ever and always in apparent straight line to the non-local distant Horizon and -- it being a collapsed cosmological constant -- forever quantum entangled with it (that Horizon (Theory) of Everything . . . or Hawking's "Grand Central Station" of a Cosmic All, which Einstein visited in his mind's eye taking a different view of where he went and what to: But the same place never-the-less . . . that the ancients would tell us all they beat us to long ago).

Last edited:
billslugg

Well! Well! Well!

Well! Well! Well!

Hawking's "Life Zone" of the universe.

Others', including me upon occasion, talking some "life force" of the universe. I don't agree with the above article altogether, but I agree to an alienistic-like always self-reinforcing, self-renewing, eternity in a moment, life force to it that is either infinity or backed by infinity . . . as I attempt to describe, picture, model (my 'Atlanoverse'), time after time.

In an infinite universe, including my Atlanoverse model, there is nothing, no world, no quark, no point that is not at the dead center of it ever and always in apparent straight line to the non-local distant Horizon and -- it being a collapsed cosmological constant -- forever quantum entangled with it (that Horizon (Theory) of Everything . . . or Hawking's "Grand Central Station" of a Cosmic All, which Einstein visited in his mind's eye taking a different view of where he went and what to: But the same place never-the-less . . . that the ancients would tell us all they beat us to long ago).
Atlan0001 Says): "Others', including me upon occasion, talking some "life force" of the universe??"
I believe that the Universe is alive and contains "Some Life Force" in the sense that the Universe on its own evolved Neutron Permeable Indestructible Mass-Energy Vessels from tinier particles that I call God Particle 1s (GP1s) defined as the tiniest Particle Of Mass In The Uiverse , just as, protein chains evolved to single cell plants and single cell animals in our oceans about 4 billion years, ago!!
My Main Suggestion here is that once the Universe Evolved Indestructible Neutron Mass-Energy Vessel Sacs that decay to hydrogen allowing stars to form, the stars thus formed made more than enough additional embryonic neutrons in their cores to compensate for the destruction of matter in matter-antimatter interactions!!
Anyway): The "Living Galaxies" through their stars leave behind both embryonic neutron seeds that warm up to neutrons in compact objects that decay to pristine new hydrogen along with the fodder matter of spent stars that perpetuates galaxies forever spending half their time crunching heating up to overdensity great attractors until the galactic overdensities can't heat up anymore which is when the overdensities begin their tranformation to voids that cool until the voids can't cool anymore perpetuating the universe's cosmic web forever and ever!!
Grunge Says): "The modern, very existentially traumatic story of life and the universe goes something like this: Through a series of happy accidents we go from cosmic inflation and the Big Bang some 13.8 billion years ago to the universe's first molecules, stars, galaxies, proteins, cells, etc. Fast forward and you're recovering from a late-night Taco Bell run on a Tuesday morning. Humans exist at the current endpoint of evolution as individual, sentient entities dwelling in a matter-and-energy reality of discretely defined objects that bear out against scrutiny. Things can be measured, understood, and definitely continue existing without us. If we all die, the cosmos marches on oblivious. So on and so on".

Last edited:

Doesn't the backward extrapolation calculations assume we are the center of the Universe?
If the universe is 13.7 Byo wouldn't A galaxy 13 Billion light years away would be able to see the edge of the Universe?
I dont think this is true. Surely we are not the center of the universe.
Yes!! But we are given that every observer in the universe believes that he is at the center of the universe and that their local galctic group is not separating!!
From which I conclude that no galatic group is separating due to all the observations of the universe by all of the observers of the universe!!

Anyway on a different note checkout my calculations for the relative ages of Supermassive Black Holes And Their Galaxies):
I suggest that we can tell the age difference between two galaxies by the size of their SMBHs!!
For, instance, when I was researching the age difference between Milky Way's SMBH And M87's SMBH, I was given that a 3.5 billion solar mass SMBH accrets 1 solar mass every 10 years and that a 6.5 billion solar mass SMBH would accrete one solar mass every 5 years!!
From the given accretion rates above, I concluded that SMBHs double in mass every 25 billion years!! Which Means That M87 Took 25 billion years to grow from 3.5 billion
solar masses to 6.5 billion solar masses!!
Now): We are given that Milky Way's Sagittarius a SMBH has 4.1 million solar masses to Andromeda's SMBH given at about 140 million solar masses!!
Milky Way's SMBH will have to double 6 times over 150 Billion Years (4.1X32)= 131.2 to reach the mass of Andromeda's SMBH!!
And Andromeda's SMBH will have to double in mass 6 times, also, over 150 billion years to reach the mass of M87's SMBH which means that M87's SMBH is more than 300 billion years older than Milky Way's SMBH by my calculations and given accretion rates for SMBHs !!

#### Gibsense

Doesn't the backward extrapolation calculations assume we are the center of the Universe?
If the universe is 13.7 Byo wouldn't A galaxy 13 Billion light years away would be able to see the edge of the Universe?
I dont think this is true. Surely we are not the center of the universe.
Imagine a sphere upon which we exist. Just a point on the outside of a ball. We are not at the centre of the ball. Now shrink the ball back to the Big Bang. So, I guess you are correct

Imagine a sphere upon which we exist. Just a point on the outside of a ball. We are not at the centre of the ball. Now shrink the ball back to the Big Bang. So, I guess you are correct
Gibsense and Astrostoner,

Have you guys, ever, considered that the absurd impossible "Big Bang Singularity God" given as the magical creator of Everything Visible and Invisible is not in fact “A Singularity God" Creator of Hydrogen, the building block of all that we see and feel as matter??

Hubble for the Entirety Of His Life Said): "If you are believing that my Redshift Star and Galaxy Distance Discovery is ‘Doppler Redshift’, then, you are reading too much into my Redshift discovery!! Hubble fought the idea of an expanding accelerating universe for the entirety of his life!! Even as it gained in popularity despite its absurdity and impossibility!!

Please, consider, my neutron permeable sac evolution theory from tinier particles as the only way matter could have physically evolved over infinite time!!

The proton and the electron are given as indestructible and as the product of neutron beta decay!!

So, all our finite in volume ageless universe has to do is to evolve neutrons that decay to hydrogen that form stars that mint more embryonic neutrons then are lost from matter-antimatter interactions allowing neutrons to grow exponentially like a virus!!

Do you guys understand that indestructible neutrons are not magically pulled out of vacuum as given?? Neutrons evolved, decayed to hydrogen that made stars, minted additional embryonic neutrons inside the stars that once warmed up to absolute zero by the CMBR decay to hydrogen multiplying exponentially throughout the universe until equilibrium was reached between destroyed protons and electrons through matter-antimatter interactions and freshly minted embryonic neutrons by stars!!

Talk more soon!! Have A Great Day!!

#### Gibsense

You seem to suggest some cyclic process that results in a multiplication of neutrons arising from a clash between antimatter and matter. From what my view is worth I think it is unlikely unless, of course, you add God into the mix in some magical way, however I may have misunderstood you

#### Atlan0001

The Planck / Big Bang collapsed cosmological constant (/\) of a Horizon set of all of an infinity of horizons can and will exist providing one realizes it is the systematic closed up Horizon of an all otherwise open system . . . and not a "Once-Upon-A-Time" magic!

"Verse," Latin "versus," means "turn," "to turn," as in "turnover" and/or a constant of turnovers . . . as in a seamless constant of offsetting parallel universe offsetting turnovers (altogether then, Einstein's and Hubble's, and Hawking's as well (Hawking's "Grand Central Station" and eternally existing / eternally migrating, Middle Earth / middle universe / many worlds, "Life Zone") "static universe" . . . Schrodinger-like "is" and "isn't" at one and the same time).

You seem to suggest some cyclic process that results in a multiplication of neutrons arising from a clash between antimatter and matter. From what my view is worth I think it is unlikely unless, of course, you add God into the mix in some magical way, however I may have misunderstood you
No!! With Respect To My Evolution Theory Of Neutron Permeable Sacs from the tiniest gaseous particle of mass in the universe which I named the God Particle 1 (GP1)!! My theoretical tiniest gaseous particle of mass, the GP1, has 'NOTHING TO DO WITH GOD!!'

It's the Big Bang "Singularity" Expanding Universe Modern Physicists that mistakenly worship The “MAGICAL” Big Bang "Singularity" as a “God” and as the creator of everything visible and invisible that I ridicule!!

I am a neutron permeable indestructible sac evolutionist from Gaseous GP1 Aether Particles!!

From the evolution of neutrons, we get hydrogen which makes stars which mints more embryonic neutrons from neutrinos and reverse beta decay of hydrogen inside stars than are lost from matter-antimatter interactions/conversion of matter particles to antimatter particles by stars, white dwarfs, neutron stars and the neutronium balls of black holes!!

When those embryonic neutrons in neutron stars at 300 trillion Adoni-Kelvin degrees below absolute zero and 100 trillion times Earth density warm up to absolute zero you get neutrons which is evident from neutron star mergers that chip the neutronium of the neutron stars that immediately warm up to absolute zero from the CMBR and decay to hydrogen that rapidly accumulates neutrons that makes gold!!

My novel original neutron permeable sac Evolution Theory involves the physical evolution of neutrons that decay to hydrogen from GP1s that came to be abundant in our finite in volume ageless universe over infinite time by unknown means!!

With respect to matter and antimatter, I profess that matter particles can be converted to antimatter particles during the compression-decompression cycles of a progenitor star to a supernova!!

I argue that instantaneous carbon and oxygen fusion of 1.41 solar masses of white dwarf material is not possible and that the only way to power supernova's at 1.5e44 Joules is to convert 125 solar masses of matter to antimatter and mix that antimatter with 125 solar masses of matter!!

I further argue that since protons and electrons are given right handed spin and left handed spin respectively that by simply flipping a spinning proton permeable sac's magnetic poles, you can change a proton to an antiproton which is exactly what happens during the compression-decompression cycles of a progenitor star supernova until enough antimatter is created in one compression cycle for the outer layers of the progenitor star to reach escape velocity!!

Astronomers only notice the last rapid collapse of a supernova progenitor stars and not the previous expansion-contraction cycles of the progenitor star that created insufficient antimatter for the star’s outer layers to reach escape velocity!!

In any event): compact objects like neutron stars are created over the life of the star as compression-decompression cycles make the core denser as heat is squeezed out of the core!!

We are given that both Jupiter and our Moon give off more heat than they take in as they shrink and as their cores become denser!!

Talk More Later!! Have A Great Day!!

Last edited:

I have good news and bad news:
- The good news is the Earth is at the center of the Universe as viewed from Earth.
- The bad news is every spot in the universe is also at the center of the Universe as viewed from that spot.
So!! Do the observations of all the observers of the universe mean that the Hubble Flow Redshift is not doppler redshift and that the universe is not expanding??

And Are the resulting "Peculiar Velocities" after discounting the Hubble Flow Redshift the actual velocities relative to the stationary position of the universe??

#### Catastrophe

##### "Science begets knowledge, opinion ignorance.
Helio Post #31.

The balloon analogy helps me with a few of these issues. Use a marker to put dots on a slightly inflated balloon. Expand the balloon and the dots all move away from one another. The farther the dot is away from the one you select, the faster they are moving away from your dot. This is how we see the expansion of space.

Further, one cannot find an edge on the balloon, which is what Bill was saying. Of course, we are restricting ourselves to two dimensions since a balloon does have a center, unlike the Universe.
My emphasis.

As I have been posting over a long period, the balloon analogy has some good aspects.
Helio, are you fully allowing for the fact that we are looking at the surface (two dimensions, as you correctly state) and, in this case, the balloon surface does not have a centre, although the three dimensional "balloon" does? I cannot quite see whether or not your quote is clear on this. If we are taking the Universe as the surface, what then does the three dimensional sphere represent? I have suggrsted that it involves a higher dimendional view of the same Universe than is currently available to our sensory mechanisms, but that still makes it not understandable to us. See also my recent comments on "multiverse".

Cat

### The cause of Bigbang ?​

H That is exactly what I have been saying about my flatlander. He sees no centre to the surface of the 'balloon' but ( n + 1) sees the centre of the sphere (balloon) which is not accessibe to the FL (ant). Cat

Last edited:

Helio Post #31.

My emphasis.

As I have been posting over a long period, the balloon analogy has some good aspects.
Helio, are you fully allowing for the fact that we are looking at the surface (two dimensions, as you correctly state) and, in this case, the balloon surface does not have a centre, although the three dimensional "balloon" does? I cannot quite see whether or not your quote is clear on this. If we are taking the Universe as the surface, what then does the three dimensional sphere represent? I have suggrsted that it involves a higher dimendional view of the same Universe than is currently available to our sensory mechanisms, but that still makes it not understandable to us. See also my recent comments on "multiverse".

Cat
Cat,
If the foundation of the Big Bang accelerating expanding universe the "Singularity" is impossible and absurd and NOT TO BE REPEATED Again as is pulling indestructible proton and antiproton permeable sacs in pairs "Magically" out of vacuum that, immediately, annihilate each other with no net increase in matter particles, does my neutron permeable sac evolution theory from GP1 Aether Particles, the requisite medium for electromagnetic waves have validity??

Replies
1
Views
497
Replies
6
Views
2K
Replies
2
Views
817
Replies
3
Views
884
Replies
1
Views
716