Regarding Big Beginning, Disputing "was" with 'is'!

Aug 14, 2020
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Here is another yet another good article concerning the James Webb telescope that contains disputable ideas regarding when the Universe begins:

Why NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope Matters So Much | Quanta Magazine

There is a third idea concerning the Universe to the two below (the dispute really is about how to see geometry, particularly the geometry of space-time:

Here goes: Fred Hoyle and others had, and have, always believed in a "steady state" theory of the universe. That is one way to see the Universe.

The article writer goes on with such ideas expressed as: "Then came a hiss in a radio antenna at Bell Labs in New Jersey in 1964. The hiss was generated by microwaves arriving from everywhere in the sky, exactly as predicted by the Big Bang theory. (The light was released in an early phase transition as the hot, dense universe cooled.) The discovery of the cosmic microwave background, as it was called, did not immediately end the debate — steady-state folks like Hoyle distrusted its interpretation and clung to their theory for many more decades." This is the second way of seeing beginning, as being magically created. From a cause in nothing at all -- or some cause from some unknown primordial ooze -- instantaneously sudden 'effect' in what can only be considered an immaculate springing of 'Universe' (with both Relativity and Quantum Mechanics, and every other physic, fully realized (a fully realized framework of Universe instantaneously in being)).

The third way to see beginning is to see space and time multidimensionally rather than one dimensionally:

1) "The light was released in an early phase transition as the hot, dense universe cooled." Past tense only (naked singularity (in the instant of beginning . . . the instant of end))! "The hiss was generated by microwaves arriving from everywhere in the sky, exactly as predicted by the Big Bang theory."
2) The light is released in an early phase transition as the hot, dense universe cools . . . past tense | future tense | Now (t=0)! The hiss is generated by microwaves arriving to everywhere from everywhere, exactly predicting the Big Bang always.

To continue, it mentions transition from "smooth" to "lumpy." Chaos Theory points out the infinity of overlays, smooth or lumpy, reduces to two: Reduces to the always simultaneously existing -- paralleling -- binary dimension of inlay and overlay, smooth and/or lumpy (yet another example of Schrodinger's cat). The Universe is flatly smooth / the universes are brokenly lumpy.

Someday astronomers and physicists will come to the realization that in a multidimensional Multiverse Universe "was" 'is', and not everything can be observed, particularly not the constant of 'infinity' (the constant of '1' ('-1')).
 
Apr 13, 2021
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The universe is made of space and within that space matter is spread.
How that matter acts is the issue for the end explanation.
Steady State explains how matter can recycle in an expanding universe, supported by red shift data.
Cyclic Universe relies on the explanation given by the properties matter contracting and expanding and transferring and colliding and clustering etc etc.
The Big Bang theory has no foundations and relies on theories assuming to be right , but! cannot be proved.
The proof is in the pudding
 

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